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Organization of American States

Posted by
Steven (Chicagoland, United States) on 24 May 2010 in Architecture and Portfolio.

The notion of closer hemispheric union in America was first put forward by Simón Bolívar who, at the 1826 Congress of Panama, proposed creating a league of American republics, with a common military, a mutual defense pact, and a supranational parliamentary assembly. This meeting was attended by representatives of Gran Colombia (comprising the modern-day nations of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, and Venezuela), Peru, the United Provinces of Central America, and Mexico, but the grandly titled "Treaty of Union, League, and Perpetual Confederation" was ultimately only ratified by Gran Colombia. Bolívar's dream soon floundered with civil war in Gran Colombia, the disintegration of Central America, and the emergence of national rather than continental outlooks in the newly independent American republics. Bolívar's dream of American unity was meant to unify Latin American nations against imperial domination by external power.

The pursuit of regional solidarity and cooperation again came to the forefront in 1889–90, at the First International Conference of American States. Gathered together in Washington, D.C., 18 nations resolved to found the International Union of American Republics, served by a permanent secretariat called the Commercial Bureau of the American Republics (renamed the "International Commercial Bureau" at the Second International Conference in 1901–02). These two bodies, in existence as of 14 April 1890, represent the point of inception to which today's OAS and its General Secretariat trace their origins.

At the Fourth International Conference of American States (Buenos Aires, 1910), the name of the organization was changed to the "Union of American Republics" and the Bureau became the "Pan American Union".

The experience of World War II convinced hemispheric governments that unilateral action could not ensure the territorial integrity of the American nations in the event of extra-continental aggression. To meet the challenges of global conflict in the postwar world and to contain conflicts within the hemisphere, they adopted a system of collective security, the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Rio Treaty) signed in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro.

Photo taken in Washington, DC on May 5, 2010.

SONY DSLR-A300 1/100 second F/9.0 ISO 100 35 mm

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Spotlight Images

Phil David Alexander Morris from Saskatoon, Canada

Astonishing artistic beauty in this photo. Amazing building.

24 May 2010 6:45am

Tamara from Aarschot, Belgium

Very well frames ! The colors are great too ! Well done Steven :)

24 May 2010 11:34am

Florence from Paris, France

A great story for an eye-catching building. Great post-processing as well.

24 May 2010 3:17pm

Antoine from France

Superb photo and the colours are very beautiful. Have a lovely day Steven.

24 May 2010 3:43pm

john4jack from Corvallis, Oregon, United States

Really lends itself to HDR. Well done.

24 May 2010 5:08pm

Curly from South Shields, United Kingdom

Delightful light and tones Steve.

24 May 2010 5:35pm

Mohsen from Tehran, Iran

Nice view

24 May 2010 8:34pm

Alun from cheshire, United Kingdom

What an Amazing building, well taken

24 May 2010 10:10pm

Michael Rawluk from Williams Lake, BC, Canada

Very nice treatment you used.

25 May 2010 3:35am

Steve Rice from Olympia, United States

That's a lovely building and shot.

25 May 2010 3:53am

Earnest from Oklahoma, United States

Wow... stunning!

27 May 2010 12:07am