Designed by architects Alfred B. Mullett, William Appleton Potter, and James G. Hill, and was constructed between 1873 and 1884. Located at the intersection of Eighth and Olive Streets, it is in the Second Empire architectural style popular in the post Civil-War era.
The three-story monumental granite building is 234 feet long and 179 feet deep. It includes a basement, sub-basement and attic level, with 16-foot ceilings at the basement levels and 10-foot thick foundation walls, which are surrounded by a 25-foot deep dry moat for light and ventilation. The basement connects to a tunnel under 8th Street that was used for the delivery of mail to the post office. The basement material is red Missouri granite, while the upper floors are gray granite from Hurricane Island, Maine, between 3 feet and 4 feet in thickness. The building surrounds a skylit inner courtyard, 48 feet by 55 feet.
High ceilings predominate in the main structure, with first floor ceilings at 26 feet and second and third floors at 22 feet. Interior structure is a mixture of wrought and cast iron, supporting arched brick floors in a system that was referred to at the time of construction as "fireproof." The building's windows were provided with fireproof shutters.
Photo captured May 4, 2014.
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